BREAKING NEWS:— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) 2021年10月8日
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize to Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace.#NobelPrize #NobelPeacePrize pic.twitter.com/KHeGG9YOTT
Maria Ressa uses freedom of expression to expose abuse of power, use of violence and growing authoritarianism in her native country, the Philippines. In 2012, she co-founded Rappler, a digital media company for investigative journalism*3, which she still heads. As a journalist and the Rappler’s CEO, Ressa has shown herself to be a fearless defender of freedom of expression. Rappler has focused critical attention on the Duterte regime’s controversial, murderous anti-drug campaign. The number of deaths is so high that the campaign resembles a war waged against the country’s own population. Ms Ressa and Rappler have also documented how social media is being used to spread fake news, harass opponents and manipulate public discourse.
Dmitry Andreyevich Muratov has for decades defended freedom of speech in Russia under increasingly challenging conditions. In 1993, he was one of the founders of the independent newspaper Novaja Gazeta. Since 1995 he has been the newspaper’s editor-in-chief for a total of 24 years. Novaja Gazeta is the most independent newspaper in Russia today, with a fundamentally critical attitude towards power. The newspaper’s fact-based journalism and professional integrity have made it an important source of information on censurable aspects of Russian society rarely mentioned by other media. Since its start-up in 1993, Novaja Gazeta has published critical articles on subjects ranging from corruption, police violence, unlawful arrests, electoral fraud and ”troll factories” to the use of Russian military forces both within and outside Russia.
Novaja Gazeta’s opponents have responded with harassment, threats, violence and murder. Since the newspaper’s start, six of its journalists have been killed, including Anna Politkovskaja who wrote revealing articles on the war in Chechnya. Despite the killings and threats, editor-in-chief Muratov has refused to abandon the newspaper’s independent policy. He has consistently defended the right of journalists to write anything they want about whatever they want, as long as they comply with the professional and ethical standards of journalism.
Jon Henley, Pjotr Sauer and Rebecca Ratcliffe “Journalists Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov win Nobel peace prize” https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/oct/08/journalists-maria-ressa-and-dmitry-muratov-win-nobel-peace-prize
Pjotr Sauer and Jennifer Rankin*4 “Dmitry Muratov: the Nobel winner shining light on Russia journalist murders” https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/oct/08/my-nobel-peace-prize-belongs-to-russias-murdered-journalists-says-dmitry-muratov
Nathan Hodge “Nobel winner Dmitry Muratov's newspaper has long been a thorn in Putin's side” https://edition.cnn.com/2021/10/08/media/dmitry-muratov-nobel-peace-prize/index.html
Rebecca Ratcliffe*5 and Jon Henley*6 “‘War reporting was easier’: Maria Ressa’s journey to Nobel prize winner” https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/oct/08/war-reporting-was-easier-maria-ressas-journey-to-nobel-prize-winner
Hannah Ellis-Petersen*7 and Rebecca Ratcliffe “Maria Ressa: everything you need to know about the Rappler editor” https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/14/maria-ressa-arrest-everything-you-need-to-know-about-the-rappler-editor
*6:See also https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20120625/1340630335 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20150109/1420743027 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20150110/1420859048 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20150111/1421005862 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20150127/1422373823 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20150209/1423495421 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160324/1458790418 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160723/1469240278 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160726/1469548484 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160729/1469800695 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160825/1472094156 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160826/1472229483 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160830/1472572061 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20170222/1487732640 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20170422/1492873109 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20170424/1493047107 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20170611/1497187186 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2019/03/19/222630 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2019/04/16/091818 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2019/07/29/084126 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2019/11/14/094504
*7:See also https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20140927/1411833989 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20141223/1419299404 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20150103/1420297860 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20150614/1434302584 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160307/1457320891 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160430/1461995124 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160616/1466084273 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20160626/1466926759 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20161014/1476452526 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20161027/1477538541 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20161117/1479397043 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20161207/1481124600 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20170107/1483758876 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20170904/1504494833 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20170930/1506794001 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20180725/1532542004 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2019/03/20/022607 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2020/04/30/105949