“Dr Aaron Beck: Cognitive behavioural therapy pioneer dies aged 100” https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-59124427
Associated Press “Dr Aaron Beck, the father of cognitive behavioural therapy, dies aged 100” https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/nov/02/dr-aaron-beck-the-father-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-dies-aged-100
Beck developed the field of cognitive behavioural therapy, a clinical form of psychotherapy, at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1960s. It prompts patients to focus on distortions in their day-to-day thinking, rather than on conflicts buried in childhood.
He developed the treatment after finding that his depressed patients frequently experienced distorted negative ideas – he dubbed them “automatic thoughts”.
Unlike Freudian psychoanalysis, which delves into a patient’s childhood and searches for hidden internal conflicts, cognitive therapy says turning around a self-disparaging inner monologue is key to alleviating many psychological problems.
He touted the idea with an anti-Freudian maxim: “There’s more to the surface than meets the eye.”
Beck discovered that patients who learn to recognise the faulty logic of their negative automatic thoughts – such as, “I’ll always be a failure” or “no one likes me” – could learn to overcome their fears and think more rationally, which diminished their anxiety and improved their mood. He found that results endured long after therapy was finished, as patients learned to confront those thoughts on their own.
In 2005 and 2014, he engaged in public and private dialogues with the Dalai Lama. They concluded that CBT and Buddhism have much in common.
*2:See eg. Sarah Wilson”What is cognitive behavioural therapy?” https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2009/mar/08/cognitive-behavioural-therapy
*3:See also https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20060718/1153241402 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20090804/1249361814 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20090827/1251389550 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20091222/1261502912 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20141212/1418405070 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2019/04/13/085758 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2021/03/08/093042