Ben Quinn “Ferdinand Marcos Jr urged to stop pretending he has an Oxford degree” https://www.theguardian.com/education/2022/may/16/ferdinand-marcos-jr-urged-to-stop-pretending-he-has-an-oxford-degree
比律賓の次期大統領に当選したフェルディナンド・マルコス・ジュニアは牛津大学でPPE(Philosophy, Politics and Economics)を専攻し、卒業したと称している。しかし、英国在住のレニ・ロブレド支持者がその真偽をオックスフォード側に照会したところ、大学当局は、マルコス・ジュニアは学士号を取得していないと回答した。
The university has confirmed that he did not complete his BA in Philosophy, Politics and Economics after enrolling in 1975.
“According to our records, he did not complete his degree, but was awarded a special diploma in social studies in 1978,” Oxford said in a response to a freedom of information request lodged by a UK-based Filipina supporter of Marcos Jr’s nearest rival in last week’s election.
The issue of Marcos Jr’s Oxford degree first emerged seven years ago when his profile on the website for the Philippines senate stated that he had obtained an Oxford degree in Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE).
Newly published letters last year revealed that the envoys for his father had lobbied senior figures at Oxford University’s St Edmund Hall to preserve the son’s academic career after he failed examinations on a number of occasions.
ところで、”special diploma in social studies”はどう訳せばいいのだろうか。勿論、degreeとdiplomaの差異というのは英国の学位制度を理解する上で重要な事項であることはいう迄もないのだけど。
Previously published documents revealed that Marcos failed two of his three preliminary exams at Oxford in the summer of 1976, later doing only enough to pass one of two resits – failing politics for a second time. Discussions followed between emissaries of Marcos Sr and John Kelly, the principal of St Edmund Hall, who was asked if they could “think of any special circumstances which would warrant the college departing from its normal rule”.
A deal was eventually hammered out in which Marcos was allowed to continue his PPE studies but was transferred to a special diploma in social sciences, a programme that has since been discontinued.
Gillian McKeith, the You Are What You Eat presenter, agreed in 2007 to drop the title Dr from her company’s advertising after a complaint to the industry watchdog. The complaint was brought by a Guardian reader who learned of McKeith’s academic credentials from a Bad Science column by Ben Goldacre.
Andrea Leadsom, in the midst of 2016 Tory leadership campaign, published a revised CV after claims that she had exaggerated her roles in a City of London career. Former colleagues claimed she had exaggerated the importance of her roles at Barclays and Invesco Perpetual.
Mina Chang, a senior official in the administration of Donald Trump, was caught out in 2019 after flaunting a Harvard education that in fact amounted to a seven-week course in 2016. She was also found to have invented herself a role on a UN panel and even created a fake Time magazine cover with her face on it.
Craig Butfoy was jailed in March for lying about his flying experience to get a job with British Airways. He is also accused of giving false details on his CV, including that he had held a private pilot’s licence since 1998, and fabricated documents, including a training course certificate.
Jeffrey Archer, the author and disgraced politician, was accepted on a one-year course at Oxford University’s Department of Education after claiming he had six O-levels and three A-levels. He actually had three O-levels and no A-levels. The three A-levels that never were saw him accepted for a one-year diploma course at Oxford’s Brasenose college, yet he fostered the impression that he had completed a full degree course.
Lee McQueen won a six-figure job in June 2008 with Sir Alan Sugar in the final of the BBC show The Apprentice in spite of his claim that he had spent two years at university, when in fact he spent only four months there.
Florin Roman resigned in December 2021 as Romania’s minister of innovation and digitalisation after an investigation by journalists who found significant irregularities on his resumé and evidence that he had plagiarised an academic paper.
*2:See alsohttps://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20180628/1530161005 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20180707/1530979964 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/20180712/1531360566 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2020/06/09/023933 https://sumita-m.hatenadiary.com/entry/2020/06/18/091953