Mycoplasma genitalium

Michelle Roberts “Emerging sex disease MG 'could become next superbug'”

Mycoplasma genitaliumという細菌が惹き起こす性感染症*1が最初に確認されたのは1980年代のことであり、その意味では「新興の(emerging)」病気である。コンドームの使用によって感染を防止することができ、感染しても抗生物質による治癒が可能である。しかし、最近抗生物質の治癒率が低下しており、Mycoplasma genitaliumが耐性菌*2になることが懸念されている。

Mycoplasma genitalium is a bacterium that can cause inflammation of the urethra in men, causing discharge from the penis and making it painful to urinate.

In women, it can cause inflammation of the reproductive organs (womb and fallopian tubes) too, causing pain and possibly a fever and some bleeding.

You can get it by having unprotected sex with someone who has it. Condoms can prevent this spread.

It was first identified in the UK in the 1980s and is thought to affect 1-2% of the general population.

MG does not always cause symptoms and will not always need treatment, but it can be missed or mistaken for a different sexually transmitted infection, such as Chlamydia.

Eradication rates of MG following treatment with one family of antibiotics, called macrolides, are decreasing globally. Macrolide resistance in UK is estimated at about 40%, say the guidelines.

Another antibiotic, azithromycin, still works in most cases.