Charlotte Moore “Autism is not a dirty word” http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/nov/05/autism-pierre-lellouche-conservatives-autistic
One in a hundred of us have autism, and it is crucial to the health and happiness of this sizeable minority that their condition is seen in the most positive possible light. Autistic strengths and idiosyncrasies need to be celebrated; this can be done without overlooking the real problems and disadvantages the condition brings. As the mother of two autistic sons, I object to much of the language used to describe it in the media. The huge increase in the number of diagnosed cases is called an "autism epidemic", as if it is a rampantly catchable disease. Indeed, I don't think autism should be described as a "disease" or an "illness" at all, as it is neither contagious nor curable. We often read of someone "suffering" from autism, and while I would never deny that suffering is – too often – part of the autistic experience, I challenge the assumption that this is inevitably so.
Actually, I've never been wholly happy with "autism". To my astonishment, the portable OED I took with me to school in the 1960s defines it as "morbid self-admiration, absorption in phantasy"; my second son, Sam, has almost no sense of self – he has never looked in a mirror – and, as far as I can tell, no fantasy life either. If Sam is absorbed in anything, it is physical sensation. Whereas George, my eldest... I don't have space to elaborate on the differences between my two boys; suffice it to say that "autism", which derives from the Greek word for the self, has never seemed an accurate umbrella term for this complex condition that manifests itself in so many different ways.
「自閉症」に関して、取り敢えずオリヴァー・サックスの「神童たち」、「火星の人類学者」（in 『火星の人類学者』）、「自閉症の芸術家」（in 『妻を帽子とまちがえた男』）をマークしておく。それから、熊谷高幸『自閉症からのメッセージ』も。