Ed Butler “The man hired to have sex with children” http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-36843769
I put it to them that there's a much greater risk that these "cleansings" will themselves spread disease. According to custom, sex with the hyena must never be protected with the use of condoms. But they say a hyena is hand-picked for his good morals, and therefore cannot be infected with HIV/Aids.
「ハイエナ」が関わる儀礼は教会からも政府からも「有害な文化的慣行（harmful cultural practice）」として非難されており、高学歴の親では娘のために「ハイエナ」を雇わないという人も増えている；
All of those involved in these rituals are aware that these customs are condemned by outsiders - not just by the church, but by NGOs and the government as well, which has launched a campaign against so-called "harmful cultural practices".
"We are not going to condemn these people," says Dr May Shaba, permanent secretary of the Ministry of Gender and Welfare. "But we are going to give them information that they need to change their rituals."
Parents who have had more education than others may already choose not to hire a hyena, I am told. But the female elders I spoke to remain defiant.
According to Father Clause Boucher, a French-born Catholic priest who's lived in Malawi for 50 years and is now its pre-eminent anthropologist, the rituals date back centuries. They stem from age-old beliefs about the need for children to be passed into the "heat" of adulthood by a sexual act, he says. In the past, when girls tended not to reach puberty until they were 15 or 16, this would often have been carried out by a selected future husband. Today it's more likely to done by a paid sex worker, a hyena, and there's no shame attached to that.
Father Boucher points out that the efforts to change this sexualisation of children have been stubbornly resisted in remote southern areas, despite more than a century of Christianity and 30 years of the Aids epidemic. In most of the country - and particularly in areas close to the cities of Blantyre and Lilongwe - "sexual cleansing" is rarely if ever practised.
In Malawi's central Dedza district, hyenas are only ever used to initiate widows or infertile women, but the Paramount Chief Theresa Kachindamoto - a rare female figurehead in Malawi - has made the fight against the tradition a personal priority.
She is trying to galvanise other regional chiefs to make similar efforts. In some other districts, like Mangochi in the east of the country, ceremonies are being adapted to replace sex with a more benign anointing of the girl.
In Nsanje, though, there is little effort to bring about change. With Malawi one of the poorest countries in the world, and suffering from growing reports of rural hunger, it's not a policy priority.
Nuno R. Faria, Andrew Rambaut, Marc A. Suchard, Guy Baele,Trevor Bedford,Melissa J. Ward, Andrew J. Tatem, João D. Sousa, Nimalan Arinaminpathy, Jacques Pépin, David Posada, Martine Peeters, Oliver G. Pybus, Philippe Lemey “The early spread and epidemic ignition of HIV-1 in human populations” Science Vol. 346 no. 6205 pp. 56-61, 3 October 2014 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/346/6205/56
Ian Sample “HIV pandemic originated in Kinshasa in the 1920s, say scientists” http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/oct/02/hiv-aids-pandemic-kinshasa-africa
James Gallagher “Aids: Origin of pandemic 'was 1920s Kinshasa'” http://www.bbc.com/news/health-29442642
Pumza Fihlani “How do you make a man wear a condom?” http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-36825239