Soutik Biswas “Why is India's Dr Kotnis revered in China?” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-22599356
中国と印度は特に1960年代以降、ぎくしゃくした関係が続いているといえるだろう。中国で尊敬される印度人というと、古くは達磨大師だが、20世紀ということではDwarkanath S Kotnisであろう*1。
彼は抗日戦争支援のために中国に派遣され、八路軍の軍医として医療活動に携わったが、1942年に前線にて病死した。享年は僅か32歳。以降、中国高官が印度を訪問する際にはDwarkanath S Kotnis（中国名、柯棣華）の縁者を訪ねるのが恒例となっている*2。李克強も例外ではない*3。現在92歳の妹がムンバイにて存命である。
Dwarkanath S Kotnis（柯棣華）は1941年に中国人女性、郭慶蘭*4と結婚し、一児をもうけている。24歳で夭折したその子どもは「印華」と名付けられた。印度と中国。郭慶蘭は昨年６月に大連にて96歳で死去している*5。
What accounts for Dr Kotnis's popularity in China and why have the country's leaders felt the need to visit his family since 1950?
China experts like Srikanth Kondapalli say a visit to the Kotnis family by Chinese leaders is loaded with symbolism of a shared history of anti-imperial and colonial struggles long before border disputes led to a full-blown war in 1962 and soured ties between the two countries.
"By visiting the family, they are harking back to the solidarity between the two countries when both India and China were fighting colonialism and imperialism," says Prof Kondapalli.
Dr Kotnis’s wife passes away in China at 96
PTI Jun 29, 2012, 06.23AM IST
BEIJING: Guo Qinglan, wife of legendary Indian physician Dr Dwarkanath Shantaram Kotnis who provided medical assistance in China in late 1930s, passed away on Thursday in Chinese city of Dalian.
She was 96. Guo, herself a nurse, hailing from China's Shanxi province married Dr Kotnis in 1941, a year before his death in China. She has been an honoured guest at many high-level diplomatic functions between China and India. She was a regular invitee at the Indian embassy functions in China.
The news of her death was conveyed to the Indian embassy by the Chinese foreign ministry on Thursday, senior Indian diplomat Arun Sahu said.
While conveying the message , the Chinese foreign ministry also recalled the contribution and service rendered by Dr Kotnis who worked in China for about five years from 1937 until his death.
Revered as a legendary doctor in China he came along with a five-member Indian Medical Aid Mission during the Japanese invasion of 1937.
His services during the difficult days of Chinese revolution were deeply praised by Chinese leader Mao Zedong.
Dr Kotnis, who hailed from Sholapur in Maharashtra, died of epilepsy in China at the age of 32 years in 1942. India and China have instituted a joint medical mission in his honour. Recently Indian doctors visited China to study rural medicare here.
*3:See eg. Mihika Basu “Guest of honour: Chinese Premier to meet Kotnis kin today” http://www.indianexpress.com/news/guest-of-honour-chinese-premier-to-meet-kotnis-kin-today/1118567/ 「李克強看望援華医生親属併贈送茶具」http://news.ifeng.com/mainland/special/likeqiangchufang/content-3/detail_2013_05/21/25557532_0.shtml
*5:See also 申玲敏「柯棣華骨灰安葬華北軍区烈士陵園 與夫共長眠」http://culture.ifeng.com/gundong/detail_2012_07/06/15834731_0.shtml