Julian Borger and Angelique Chrisafis “ Decision to invade Ukraine raises questions over Putin’s ‘sense of reality’” https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/feb/24/putin-russian-president-ukraine-invasion-mental-fitness
Andrew Roth “‘It’s not rational’: Putin’s bizarre speech wrecks his once pragmatic image” https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/feb/25/its-not-rational-putins-bizarre-speech-wrecks-his-once-pragmatic-image
そうイメージってあったんだ！ まあ、そもそも侵略戦争を宣言する国家指導者にファナティックな語り口やトンデモ理論の動員というのはつきものなんじゃないだろうか？ イラク侵略の際のブッシュ（息子）もそうだったわけだし。
Michel Eltchaninoff “What’s going on inside Putin’s mind? His own words give us a disturbing clue” https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2022/feb/25/putin-mind-words-russia-victimhood
The contemporary “west”, in this vision, battles to contain Russia out of jealousy. Europe has collapsed into decadence, crushed by the weight of its humanism and political liberalism: tired, divided, at the mercy of every passing wind. The United States, mired in an instrumental, materialist culture and the contradictions of its own history, is in the process of losing its pre-eminence. Russia, by contrast, like its emerging ally, China, is on the rise in civilisational terms.
Putin leans here on a strange theory advanced by the 20th-century historian and ethnographer Lev Gumilev. The son of two of Russia’s most famous poets, Nikolai Gumilev and Anna Akhmatova, Gumilev maintains that every people possesses a distinct life force: a “bio-cosmic” inner energy or passionate substance that he calls passionarnost. Putin may have known Gumilev in St Petersburg at the start of the 1990s. At any rate, he has embraced his ideas and never misses an opportunity to refer to them. In February last year, he said: “I believe in passionarnost. In nature as in society, there is development, climax and decline. Russia has not yet attained its highest point. We are on the way”. According to him, Russia carries the power and potential of a young people. “We possess an infinite genetic code”, he has said.
In addition to Gumilev, Putin relies on another thinker – a minor figure in the history of Russian thought. Last October, he spoke of regularly consulting a collection of political essays titled Our Tasks, the major work of Ivan Ilyin, who died in 1954. In one of the president’s preferred essays, “What does the world seek from the dismemberment of Russia?”, Ilyin denounces the country’s “imperialist neighbours”, these “western peoples who neither understand nor accept Russian originality”. In the future, he suggests, these countries will inevitably attempt to seize territories such as the Baltic countries, the Caucasus, central Asia and, especially, Ukraine. The method, according to Ilyin, will be the hypocritical promotion of values such as “freedom” in order to transform Russia into “a gigantic Balkans”. The final object is to “dismember Russia, to subject her to western control, to dismantle her and in the end make her disappear”.
*2:See eg. Charles Clover “Lev Gumilev: passion, Putin and power” https://www.ft.com/content/ede1e5c6-e0c5-11e5-8d9b-e88a2a889797 “Prominent Russians: Lev Gumilev” https://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/science-and-technology/lev-gumilev/index.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lev_Gumilyov https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%AC%E3%83%95%E3%83%BB%E3%82%B0%E3%83%9F%E3%83%AA%E3%83%A7%E3%83%95
*3:See eg. Jerry D. Salyer “Read Ivan Ilyin to Understand Modern Russia” https://www.crisismagazine.com/2017/read-ivan-ilyin-understand-modern-russia See eg. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Ilyin