Call for decriminisation

Amanda Holpuch “It's time to decriminalize drugs, commission report says”

さて、瑞西の元大統領Ruth Dreifuss氏を議長とし、メンバーには、ヴァージンのリチャード・ブランソン氏*1、元国連事務総長のコフィ・アナン氏*2、さらにはコロンビア、 墨西哥伯剌西爾の元大統領も加わった「薬物政策国際委員会(The Global Commission on Drug Policy)」*3の年次報告書が刊行された*4。この報告書では、ドラッグの「非犯罪化」が提言されるとともに、近年の強硬なドラッグ取締りの傾向と右翼ポピュリズムの擡頭(例えばフィリピン)との関連への懸念が表明されている;

The commission’s report highlighted effective decriminalization policies, such as in Portugal, where drug possession is not a criminal offense*5. It also denounced harsh penalties for drug-related offenses, such as in the Philippines where there have been thousands of extrajudicial killings of drug users and dealers following the election of president Rodrigo Duterte, who has publicly urged citizens to “go ahead and kill” addicts and dealers*6.

Global drug policy has largely been driven by punitive measures in recent decades, but drug use has not slowed. From 2003 to 2014, the number of people aged 15-64 around the world who had consumed an illicit drug in the past 12 months jumped 33%, to 247 million.

The commission’s proposals for how to address the problem come amid a shift in global politics toward rightwing populism. This changing political climate could have a harmful impact on decriminalization efforts because conservative policy was rooted in ideology and was not “not really fact-oriented”, Dreifuss warned.

“I would say to really bring the issue [decriminalization] into rationality, which is what was lacking for so many years, will be quite difficult,” said Dreifuss. “But this is also why we are here and why we think a broad, global conversation about what is consumption, what are the drugs, what are the responses, what are the failure of the responses, is our duty.”

Commission member Michel Kazatchkine, former executive director of the Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria, said the trend toward rightwing politics should not interfere with decriminalization efforts.


高樹沙耶 “大麻女優”と呼ばれて石垣島へ…男性4人と共同生活の現在」