Julien Gracq

Boston Globeに掲載されたAssociated Pressの記事;

French writer Gracq dies at 97

December 23, 2007

PARIS—Julien Gracq, a celebrated French writer known for surrealism and solitude and for having turned down France's top literary prize, has died, hospital officials said Sunday. He was 97.

Gracq died Saturday in the western city of Angers from apparent complications of a digestive hemorrhage, university hospital officials there said.

Gracq was born Louis Poirier on July 27, 1910 in the western town of Saint-Florent-le-Vieil, where he lived until just before his death.

His literary debut came in 1938 with "Au Chateau d'Argol" (The Castle of Argol), known for a Surrealist tinge, which garnered praise from Andre Breton.

Infuriated by criticism of some of his early works, and tightly defensive of his privacy, Gracq turned against French literary circles and rejected the Goncourt Prize, for which he had been chosen in 1951 for "Le Rivage des Syrtes" ("The Opposing Shore"), his best-known novel.

"Far from fashions and society circles, he constructed original thought and a powerful body of work," President Nicolas Sarkozy said, calling Gracq "one of the greatest French writers of the 20th century."

All told, Gracq published 20 works -- novels, essays, plays and narratives.

According to the 2008 edition of the French "Who's Who," Gracq was not married and did not have any children.

さらに、The IndependentのJames Kirkup “Julien Gracq: Distinguished novelist known for his surrealism and solitude who refused all literary honours”*1が詳しい。グラックがシュペングラーの『西洋の没落』に影響を受けていたとか。
シルトの岸辺 (ちくま文庫)

シルトの岸辺 (ちくま文庫)