Uki Goñi “'Nazi hideout' in the jungle: why the discovery is more fiction than fact” http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/23/nazi-hideout-south-america-jungle
But the truth is a little more mundane. For a start, the dilapidated buildings were not recently “discovered” – they have actually been open to the public for decades, along with other ruins which date back to the 17th and 18th century settlements established by Jesuit missionaries – and which give the region its name. Not far from the “Nazi” site are the remains of San Ignacio Miní, a Baroque monastery which is one of the area’s most-visited tourist attractions.
At least 10 years ago, the local tourist board erected a sign on the path to the Teyú Cuaré site, saying that the ruins were originally part of a Jesuit site.
Below that, the sign makes the astounding claim: “In the 1950s they were refurbished and inhabitated by Hitler’s most faithful servant, Martin Bormann*2.”
The idea that Hitler’s deputy somehow escaped to Argentina is an integral part of the Nazis-in-South-America myth, and a key element of Ira Levin’s*3 novel The Boys from Brazil and the 1978 movie of the same name.
The Bormann story is based on files sold by Argentinian police officers to Hungarian historian Ladislas Farago*4 in the 1970s, but those files are widely held to be fakes. In 1998, DNA tests showed that bones recovered in Berlin were Bormann’s, confirming reports that Hitler’s secretary had been killed while fleeing the bunker on 2 May 1945*5 .
And the discovery of second world war-era German coins in Misiones seems less surprising when you consider that Argentina has long been a destination for European immigrants, and that the country’s population includes about 3 million people of German descent.
One of the largest and oldest German communities is in the northern province of Misiones, founded by a large influx of German immigrants who arrived in the early 20th century.
Uki Goñi氏には、The Real Odessa: Smuggling the Nazis to Perón’s Argentinaという著書があるという。
Argentina did, of course, give refuge to some of the worst Nazi criminals, including Auschwitz doctor Josef Mengele and Adolf Eichmann, one of the main architects of the Holocaust.
Thousands of former SS officers and former Nazi party members were welcomed with open arms by Argentina’s then-president Juan Perón, who sent secret missions to Europe to rescue them from Allied justice between 1945 and 1950.
But they settled in comfortable suburban homes outside Buenos Aires, like the cozy chalet Eichmann lived in with his family at 4261 Chacabuco Street in the middle-class northern suburb of Olivos, where many other Nazi officers also settled.
Not in the steamy, damp, pre-Amazon jungles of northern Argentina.
*1:Eg. Agence France-Presse “Nazis' secret hideout found in remote Argentinian jungle” http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/23/nazis-secret-hideout-found-in-remote-argentinian-jungle Harriet Alexander “Argentine archaeologists find secret Nazi lair in jungle” http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/southamerica/argentina/11488776/Argentine-archaeologists-find-secret-Nazi-lair-in-jungle.html Mentioned in http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20150323/1427117627
*2:See eg. Robert S. Wistrich “Martin Bormann (1900 – 1945?)” http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Bormann.html “Martin Bormann” http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/martin_bormann.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Bormann http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%9E%E3%83%AB%E3%83%86%E3%82%A3%E3%83%B3%E3%83%BB%E3%83%9C%E3%83%AB%E3%83%9E%E3%83%B3
*3:http://iralevin.org/ See eg. “Ira Levin Biography” http://www.biography.com/people/ira-levin-20703551 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ira_Levin http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%82%A2%E3%82%A4%E3%83%A9%E3%83%BB%E3%83%AC%E3%83%B4%E3%82%A3%E3%83%B3
*5:See Imre Karacs “DNA test closes book on mystery of Martin Bormann” http://www.independent.co.uk/news/dna-test-closes-book-on-mystery-of-martin-bormann-1161449.html