Peter Beaumont “Israeli cabinet approves legislation defining nation-state of Jewish people” http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/nov/23/israeli-cabinet-approves-bill-defining-nation-state-jewish-people
イスラエル内閣はイスラエルを「ユダヤ人の民族国家と公式に定義する論争の的の法案（controversial bill that officially defines Israel as the nation-state of the Jewish people）」を14対７の多数決で承認した。これによって、「ユダヤ法」が立法の際の法源として「制度化」され、アラビア語は現在の「第二公用語」の地位を剥奪されることになる。なお、アラブ系の人々（ムスリム、キリスト教徒）はイスラエル国民の20％を占めている。
Opponents include two of the more centrist parties in Netanyahu’s fragile coalition - which say the bill is being pushed through with forthcoming primaries in the prime minster’s rightwing Likud party in mind - and senior government officials including the attorney general.
According to many critics, the new wording would weaken the wording of Israel’s declaration of independence, which states that the new state would “be based on the principles of liberty, justice and freedom expressed by the prophets of Israel [and] affirm complete social and political equality for all its citizens, regardless of religion, race or gender”.
Among those to voice their opposition was the finance minister, Yair Lapid, who said he had spoken to the family of Zidan Saif, a Druze policeman killed in last week’s deadly attack on a Jerusalem synagogue.
“What will we tell his family? That he is a second-class citizen in the state of Israel because someone has primaries in the Likud?” he asked.
According to reports in the Hebrew media, the attorney general, Yehuda Weinstein, has also expressed concern, shared by some ministers, that the new law would effectively give greater emphasis to Israel’s Jewish character at the expense of its democratic nature. A number of Israeli basic laws use the term “Jewish and democratic”, giving equal weight to both. The new law would enshrine only the Jewish character of the state.
ネタニヤフのいう「市民的権利＝公民権（civil rights）」から区別された「国民的権利（national rights）」というのはちょっとぴんとこない。しかしながら、本音としては、（例えば）東イェルサレムのような占領地域で不逞なパレスティナ人から「居民権（residency rights）」を剥奪したいということであるらしい；
Netanyahu appeared to confirm that there would be differential rights for Israeli Jews and other minorities. He said that while all could enjoy equal civil rights, “there are national rights only for the Jewish people - a flag, anthem, the right of every Jew to immigrate to Israel and other national symbols.”
See also http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20070818/1187410345 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20080604/1212521643
Cabinet ministers, including Netanyahu, separately proposed stripping Palestinian attackers of their residency rights in occupied East Jerusalem in response to a wave of deadly violence.
“It cannot be that those who harm Israel, those who call for the destruction of the state of Israel, will enjoy rights like social security,” Netanyahu said, adding that the measure would complement house demolitions and serve as a deterrent.