“Sociology professor emeritus Egon Bittner dies”http://www.brandeis.edu/now/2011/may/bittner.html
Society for the Study of Social Problemsサイトの追悼文（匿名）；
Egon Bittner was born in 1921 in Silesia, a part of central Europe which was then in Czechoslovakia, but which at different moments in Egon's youth had been Polish and German. Egon was from a Jewish community decimated by the Holocaust, and he was a rare survivor. It is hard to know whether his extraordinary generosity, compassion, modesty, and ability to recognize and live with difference and diversity came from this upbringing or this horrible experience, but these were among the qualities that family, friends, and colleagues cherished. These were also the qualities that made him an extraordinary social scientist. Egon loved books, ideas, reflecting on the complexity of human behavior, and was inhabited by the skepticism of received wisdoms that truly probing minds must possess.
That Egon became a sociologist was no accident, therefore. He had a vocation to comprehend and analyze the mysteries of lives in societies. He devoured and internalized the corpus of sociological theory. Conversations with him were adventures in intellectual history. It was his reading of this corpus that led him towards phenomenology and eventually ethnomethodology and to the University of California at Los Angeles where he did his PhD with Donald Cressey. Ethnomethodology is a complex enterprise, but its premises are, in the words of Anne Rawls, "... that the meaningful, patterned, and orderly character of everyday life is something that people must work constantly to achieve, then one must also assume that they have some methods for doing so" and that "... members of society must have some shared methods that they use to mutually construct the meaningful orderliness of social situations" (Rawls, in Harold Garfinkelhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/harold_garfinkel (2002), Ethnomethodology's Program (New York: Rowman and Littlefield), 5. This approach, which combined reverence for and skepticism of existing social theory, sought the micro-foundations of social life.
Egon joined the Brandeis Sociology faculty in the late 1960s, a moment of extraordinary political and intellectual turbulence. His questioning, calming, reflective, and tolerant presence was central to the department's navigation through these complicated times. As Harry Coplan Professor of the Social Sciences, he taught numerous undergraduates, mentored doctoral students and, more generally, led the department on a quest for new approaches. As chair of what was occasionally a fractious group of colleagues he nourished cooperation through magnanimity, understanding, respect for difference, and a wonderfully whimsical sense of humor. As a distinguished member of the broader Brandeis community he was known as a bastion of sophisticated rationality with a deep belief in the Brandeis mission and its vital importance to the society beyond it.
Egon was active in the sociology profession and served, among other positions, as president of the Society for the Study of Social Problems. His presidential address to the SSSP in 1982, which reflected on the implications of computers for human futures, was a classic of the genre. Among sociologists he was best known for studies of the relationships between police and society. These studies, which elegantly bracketed conventional stereotypes of the police, including those of the social sciences, proceeded from, but were not limited by ethnomethodogical premises and led Egon and many of his students to cruise about in squad cars and hang out in police stations to gather data. Among his many publications on police-society relationships are The Functions of the Police in Modern Society (1970), Aspects of Police Work (1990), The Capacity to Use Force as the Core of the Police Role (1985), Florence Nightingale in Pursuit of Willie Sutton A Theory of the Police (1974), and The Police on Skid Row (1967). (For further information see Wikipedia entry.) Egon knew that the use of force was the unavoidable basis of most police work and that professional discretion and sensitivity were essential for this to be acceptable. His research sought the behavioral bases of the uses and abuses of this application of force. The results were profoundly humanist as well as empirically useful. His new ways of understanding how police roles might be better conceived were recognized by scholars and police professionals themselves. His contributions to police scholarship earned him the Police Executive Research Forum Leadership Award, for example. Egon also served as commissioner in the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) from 1979 to 1988. In recognition of the importance of his work, CALEA established the Egon Bittner Award, annually presented to leading police executive officers in recognition of distinguished service in law enforcement. Egon's sociological writings on police work remain a benchmark for today's scholars researching the police.
Egon retired from Brandeis in 1991 and then moved, with his beloved wife Jean, to the Bay Area to be closer to his children Debora Seys and Tom Bittner and enjoy life in a corner of the world that he loved. He died there May 7, 2011. Egon was a profound scholar from whom many learned by reading his work, in his classes, and conversing. Oftentimes, after engaging him on the simplest of issues, one emerged, after reflection, with new ways of apprehending and understanding very large parts of the world. He was also modest, an attribute which probably kept him from becoming one of paramount stars of contemporary sociology, a status reserved for more aggressive individuals. It was this modesty that made him all the more approachable and attractive, however. He was a renowned and beloved PhD advisor and a terrific colleague. He will be deeply missed. Our sympathy goes first to Jean and his family, but we are all bereft at his loss.
Ethnomethodology's Program (Legacies of Social Thought)
- 作者: Harold Garfinkel,Anne Rawls
- 出版社/メーカー: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
- 発売日: 2002/07
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- 作者: Harold Garfinkel
- 出版社/メーカー: Pearson College Div
- 発売日: 1967/06/01
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Jean-Paul Brodeur “Le travail d'Egon Bittner : une introduction à la sociologie de la force institutionnalisée“ Déviance et Société 25-3, pp.307-323, 2001