Guardian style editors “'Alt-right': why the Guardian decided not to ban use of the term” https://www.theguardian.com/world/mind-your-language/2016/nov/30/alt-right-why-the-guardian-decided-not-to-ban-use-of-the-term
Like other news organisations*3, the Guardian has been considering how it uses the term and on Wednesday issued the following editorial guidance:
Use once, with a hyphen and in quotes, at first mention, followed by the brief but broad description of it being a far-right movement. Prefer far right (noun) or far-right (adjective) at any subsequent mention.
More specific descriptions can be used where relevant when mentioning individuals associated with the movement, but such descriptions should be evidence-based. For example, one of the de facto leaders of the “alt-right”, a far-right movement in the US, is the white supremacist Richard Spencer, who used Nazi slogans to celebrate the election victory of Donald Trump.
By way of providing some background to this guidance, it was agreed that the use of “alt-right” should not be banned because it exists as a term that is used in the world, particularly in the US, and it is the media’s job to describe and reflect the world as it is. That said, it should describe and reflect the world – including the “alt-right” – accurately, hence the requirement for a description to be included at first mention.
Regarding the breadth of the movement, it was decided the Guardian should avoid defining the “alt-right” simply as a white nationalist group, not because it isn’t, but because:
a) That’s not all it is: it can also be anti-globalisation, anti-establishment, antisemitic, racist, misogynist etc, and,
b) People within the movement are not all of those things: some would associate themselves with the group simply because they want to protect US jobs/industry; others because they have had enough of the political, media and business elite pulling the strings, and would not consider themselves to be white supremacists, racists etc.
That said, as the style guidance states, where individuals are known to support specific ideologies eg white nationalism, then it is acceptable for writers to make that link, always, preferably, with a supporting factual statement.
The man who coined the term in 2008, Richard Spencer, of the National Policy Institute, a white supremacist thinktank in the US, has said he intended it to describe a diverse, heterodox group whose members were “deeply alienated, intellectually, even emotionally and spiritually, from American conservatism”. While the term today remains flexible, he says, affiliation now has some minimum requirements.
*1:See also http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160112/1452559076 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160129/1454064240 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160220/1455946832 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160330/1459312281 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160410/1460305771 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160522/1463941481 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160601/1464744478 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160615/1465947659 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160615/1465947658 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160629/1467212026 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160725/1469418870 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160915/1473959248 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20160925/1474806496 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161018/1476760956 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161027/1477592471 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161109/1478709983 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161110/1478789303 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161111/1478828492 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161112/1478913484 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161112/1478918624 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161115/1479228554 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161116/1479312313 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161118/1479473645 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161119/1479516478 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161121/1479707976 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161122/1479780988 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161123/1479921429 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161127/1480233348 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161128/1480299444 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20161203/1480738016
*2:See eg. https://thinkprogress.org/thinkprogress-alt-right-policy-b04fd141d8d4#.7te7hkk5b また、”alt-right”という用語の「消毒」効果への批判としては、Nesrine Malik “Donald Trump, Stephen Bannon and how bigotry became a cool new trend” https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/nov/29/donald-trump-stephen-bannon-bigotryも参照されたい。
*4: Jason Wilson “A sense that white identity is under attack’: making sense of the alt-right” https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/aug/23/alt-right-movement-white-identity-breitbart-donald-trump