スタンリー･ミルグラム*1の所謂「権威への服従」実験からフィリップ・ジンバルドーの「スタンフォード監獄実験（SPE）」を、またSPEから「権威への服従」実験を想起するのはそう難しくないだろう。ジンバルドーはそのThe Lucifer Effectの中で「権威への服従」実験についてけっこう詳しく紹介している（第12章、p.266ff.）。ここでは（本文ではなく）註で書かれたミルグラムについてのパーソナルな回想をメモしておく。何と、ミルグラムとジンバルドーとはハイスクールの同級生だったのだ。
In 1949, seated next to me in senior class at James Monroe High School in the Bronx, New York, was my classmate Stanley Milgram. We were both skinny kids of ambition and a desire to make something of ourselves so that we might escape from life in the confines of our ghetto. Stanley was the little smart one whom we went to for authoeitative answers. I was the tall popular one, the smiling guy other kids would go to for social advice. Even then, we were budding situationists. I had just returned to Monroe High from a horrible year at North Hollywood High School, where I had been shunned and friendless (because, as I later learned, there was a rumor circulating that I was from New York Sicilian Mafia family), to be chosen “Jimmy Monroe,” the most popular boy in Monroe High School's senior class. Stanley and I discussed once how that transformation could have happened. We agreed that I had not changed but the situation was what had mattered. When we met years later, at Yale University in 1960, as beginning assistant professors, him starting at Yale and me at NYU, it turned out that Stanley really wanted to be popular and I really wanted to be smart. So much for unfulfilled desires.
I should also mention a recent discovery I made about another commonality that I shared with Stanley. I was the one who initially constructed a basement laboratory that was later modified to be the site in which Milgram's Yale obedience experiments were conducted (after he could no longer use the elegant interaction laboratory of sociologist O. K. Moore). I had done so a few years earlier for a study I did with Irving Sarnoff to test Freudian predictions about the differences between fear and anxiety in their effects on social affiliation. I fabricated a little lab in the basement of the building where we taught Introductory Psychology courses. It had delightfully British name Linsly-Chittenden Hall. It is also intersting that both his exoeriments and the SPE were conducted in basements. (p.508)
“Stanley Milgram (1933 – 1984)” http://muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/milgram.htm
“Stanley Milgram” http://www3.niu.edu/acad/psych/Millis/History/2003/stanley_milgram.htm