三明治が250年

“Sandwich celebrates 250th anniversary of the sandwich” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-kent-18010424


サンドウィッチという食物が誕生して今年で250年になるという。曰く、


When John Montagu, the fourth Earl of Sandwich, ordered beef served between slices of bread about 250 years ago he probably did not think his request would become a global convenience meal.

The story goes that the Earl asked for the particular serving so that he could eat while continuing to play cards and his friends asked "to have the same as Sandwich", according to the British Sandwich Association*1.

The first written record of the sandwich was in 1762 and the Kent town of Sandwich, which is the earldom of the Montagu family, is celebrating the 250th anniversary of the meal.


Foodsmith Sam Bompas said the Earl of Sandwich was eating with his fingers "when cutlery was de rigueur".

"Eating of record at the time was service á la française where all the food went on the table at the same time and there was an elaborate ritual of carving, aided by troops of servants," said Mr Bompas.

"What you have with the sandwich is the shock of informality. He was a daring man to eat in such a way coming from his social background."

Mr Bompas added that he found it odd that the sandwich did not exist before the Earl of Sandwich ordered meat between slices of bread.

"Other people were probably eating in that way anyway but they were people who weren't written about," he said.

手掴みで食うというところがちょっとしたスキャンダルだったようだ。
サンドウィッチとはケント州にある町の名前だが*2、一瞬サンドウィッチとは砂の魔女かと思ったのだが、よく考えたらtがないのだった。その語源は”The name is of Danish origin, meaning a sand place or camp on a bay (vig, wich) or near the mouth of a river.”だということらしい*3。日本語で言えば、川口或いは江戸だね。
英国がサンドウィッチなら日本は鉄火巻だろう。しかしながら、鉄火巻が発明された年代の記録というのは残っているのか。