Michelle Goldberg “A Christian Plot for Domination?” http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/08/14/dominionism-michele-bachmann-and-rick-perry-s-dangerous-religious-bond.html
2012年米国大統領選挙の共和党候補者として最有力の３人のうち２人がDominionismと呼ばれる基督教原理主義の潮流*1に接近している。Michele Bachmann下院議員（ミネソタ）*2とRick Perryテクサス州知事。Goldbergさん曰く、”If you want to understand Michele Bachmann and Rick Perry, understanding Dominionism isn’t optional. “
Michele BachmannとDominionismとの関わりについてはRyan Lizza “Leap of Faith”(The New Yorker August 15 2011)*3が、Rick PerryとNew Apostolic Reformationとの関係についてはForrest Wilder “Rick Perry's Army of God”*4が詳しい。
Put simply, Dominionism means that Christians have a God-given right to rule all earthly institutions. Originating among some of America’s most radical theocrats, it’s long had an influence on religious-right education and political organizing. But because it seems so outré, getting ordinary people to take it seriously can be difficult. Most writers, myself included, who explore it have been called paranoid. In a contemptuous 2006 First Things*5 review of several books, including Kevin Phillips’ American Theocracy, and my own Kingdom Coming: The Rise of Christian Nationalism, conservative columnist Ross Douthat wrote, “the fear of theocracy has become a defining panic of the Bush era.”
Dominionismが超教派的な潮流であること。またPaul Rosenberg氏は「米国独自のタリバン（America's own Taliban）」と呼んでいる*6。
In many ways, Dominionism is more a political phenomenon than a theological one. It cuts across Christian denominations, from stern, austere sects to the signs-and-wonders culture of modern megachurches. Think of it like political Islamism, which shapes the activism of a number of antagonistic fundamentalist movements, from Sunni Wahabis in the Arab world to Shiite fundamentalists in Iran.
Dominionismの起源としてのChristian Reconstructionism。また、R. J. Rushdoonyのこと；
Dominionism derives from a small fringe sect called Christian Reconstructionism, founded by a Calvinist theologian named R. J. Rushdoony in the 1960s. Christian Reconstructionism openly advocates replacing American law with the strictures of the Old Testament, replete with the death penalty for homosexuality, abortion, and even apostasy. The appeal of Christian Reconstructionism is, obviously, limited, and mainstream Christian right figures like Ralph Reed have denounced it.
But while Rushdoony was a totalitarian, he was a prolific and influential one―he elaborated his theories in a number of books, including the massive, three-volume Institutes of Biblical Law. And his ideas, along with those of his followers, have had an incalculable impact on the milieu that spawned both Bachmann and Perry.
Rushdoony pioneered the Christian homeschooling movement, as well as the revisionist history, ubiquitous on the religious right, that paints the U.S. as a Christian nation founded on biblical principles. He consistently defended Southern slavery and contrasted it with the greater evils of socialism: “The law here is humane and also unsentimental,” he wrote. “It recognizes that some people are by nature slaves and will always be so ... Socialism, on the contrary, tries to give the slave all the advantages of his security together with the benefits of freedom, and in the process, destroys both the free and the enslaved.”
Michele BachmannはGeorge Grantを開祖とするTruth in Action Ministries*9に近いという；
Rushdoony’s most influential idea was the concept of Dominionism, which spread far beyond the Christian Reconstructionist fringe. “‘Dominion theologians,’ as they are called, lay great emphasis on Genesis 1:26–7, where God tells Adam to assume dominion over the animate and inanimate world,” wrote the scholar Garry Wills in his book Under God: Religion and American Politics, describing the influence of the ideology on Pat Robertson*8. “When man fell, his control over creation was forfeited; but the saved, who are restored by baptism, can claim again the rights given Adam.”
(…) last year, she appeared in one of its documentaries, Socialism: A Clear and Present Danger. In it, she espoused the idea, common in Reconstructionist circles, that the government has no right to collect taxes in excess of 10 percent, the amount that believers are called to tithe to the church. On her state-senate-campaign website, she recommended a book co-authored by Grant titled Call of Duty: The Sterling Nobility of Robert E. Lee, which, as Lizza reported, depicted the civil war as a battle between the devout Christian South and the Godless North, and lauded slavery as a benevolent institution. “The unity and companionship that existed between the races in the South prior to the war was the fruit of a common faith,” the book said.
Dominionismとペンテコステ派。Rick Perryが近いのはペンテコステ系のNew Apostolic Reformation*10 。Christian Reconstructionismはペンテコステ派の呪術性を批判していた；
さて、基督教原理主義の源流は福音主義（Evangelism）であるが、少なくとも19世紀までは〈進歩的〉な勢力として見なされていたということは注意しなければならない。Karen Armstrong The Battle for God*12から少し抜書き。
The Christian Reconstructionists tend to be skeptical of Pentecostalism, with its magic, prophesies, speaking in tongues, and wild ecstasies. Certainly, there are overlaps between the traditions―Oral Roberts, where Bachmann studied with Eidsmoe, was a Pentecostal school. But it’s only recently that one group of Pentecostals, the New Apostolic Reformation, has created its own distinct Dominionist movement. And members see Perry as their ticket to power.
“The New Apostles talk about taking dominion over American society in pastoral terms,” wrote Wilder in the Texas Observer. “They refer to the ‘Seven Mountains’ of society: family, religion, arts and entertainment, media, government, education, and business. These are the nerve centers of society that God (or his people) must control.” He quotes a sermon from Tom Schlueter, New Apostolic pastor close to Perry. “We’re going to infiltrate [the government], not run from it. I know why God’s doing what he’s doing ... He’s just simply saying, ‘Tom I’ve given you authority in a governmental authority, and I need you to infiltrate the governmental mountain.”
According to Wilder, members of the New Apostolic Reformation see Perry as their vehicle to claim the “mountain” of government. Some have told Perry that Texas is a “prophet state,” destined, with his leadership, to bring America back to God. The movement was deeply involved in The Response*11, the massive prayer rally that Perry hosted in Houston earlier this month. “Eight members of The Response ‘leadership team’ are affiliated with the New Apostolic Reformation movement,” wrote Wilder. “The long list of The Response’s official endorses―posted on the event’s website―reads like a Who’s Who of the apostolic-prophetic crowd, including movement founder C. Peter Wagner.”
“They[evangelists] hated academia and insisted that all Christians had the right to interpret the Bible for themselves, without submitting to the theological experts.”(p.87)
“They were able to bring the revolutionary modern ideals of democracy, equality, freedom of speech, and independence to the folk in an idiom that uneducated people could understand and make their own.”(p.89)
The reform movements helped people to accommodate the modern ideal of inalienable human rights in a Christian package, at least in the North. The movements for feminism and for penal and educational reform, which were spearheaded by evangelical Christians, were also progressive. The reform groups themselves also helped people to acquire the modern spirit. Members made a conscious, voluntary decisions to join an association, and learned to how to plan, organize, ad pursue a clearly defined objective in a modern, rational way.(p.92)
*4:https://www.texasobserver.org/cover-story/rick-perrys-army-of-god See also Kyle Mantyla “Everything You Need To Know About Rick Perry, The New Apostles, And Dominionism” http://www.rightwingwatch.org/content/everything-you-need-know-about-rick-perry-new-apostles-and-dominionism
*7:米国右派のリンカーンに対する敵意については、Paul Krugman “Abraham Lincoln, Inflationist” http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/11/opinion/11krugman.html（Mentioned in http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sumita-m/20110214/1297620740）も見られたい。
*10:See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Apostolic_Reformation “The Evangelicals Engaged In Spiritual Warfare” http://www.npr.org/2011/08/24/139781021/the-evangelicals-engaged-in-spiritual-warfare Rachel Tabachnick “The Ideology and History of the New Apostolic Reformation” http://www.talk2action.org/story/2011/8/12/1713/01915
*11:Peter J. Boyer “Rick Perry's Prayer Offensive” http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2011/08/05/rick-perry-prayer-rally-undermines-tea-party-s-fiscal-branding.html