- 作者: Mishi Saran
- 出版社/メーカー: Penguin Global
- 発売日: 2005/12/28
- メディア: ハードカバー
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Mishi SARAN Chasing the Monk’s Shadow: A Journey in the Footsteps of Xuanzang*1から。スーフィズムの起源についてのメモ。
It was a quiet Muslim mausoleum. But the reason Leonid brought me here was to show me, in the backyard of the tomb, four underground Buddhist cells for meditation that dated from about the first half of the second century AD. Maybe the main stupa was under the mausoleum, Leonid suggested. Being underground avoided the searing summer heat and the monks could focus on the Buddha in an alien land. These were ancient cave habitations. Monks lived in caves in the mountains; here on this side of the river without the rock faces, they had dug out caves and built rooms for meditation.
(…) Muslims adopted Buddhist meditative techniques and ideas of cleansing the spirit and body. And when building mosques, the Arabs simply chose old holy places, Leonid noted.
And perhaps, when the Muslims finally did reach Central Asia, a certain sect was born who called themselves the Sufis, from the rough woollen garment that they wore. Islam must have felt the impact of Buddhism exactly in this region, giving birth to mystical Sufism. (pp.160-161)
Across the Amu Darya, in Afghanistan’s Balkh, one of the earliest Sufis called Ibrahim ibin Adham(d. AD 777) had established a school whose ascetic curriculum strangely resembled that of Buddhist monks. After all, when the Arabs conquered the region, Balkh was a centre of Buddhism. It had a well-known monastery that Arabic sources refer to as Naubahar. (p.161)